This article shows major events that occurred on this day in history (to select another date use the menu to find events that occurred on that day).
On this day in 1896 Tsar Nicholas II was crowned. He became the last Tsar of Russia.
Hatred towards the Russian Tsars by their people had grown in the reigns of the previous Tsars and it didn’t end with Nicholas II.
On the 13th of March 1881 Tsar Alexander II was assassinated on the streets of St. Petersburg. He was blown up in an explosion caused by the “People’s Will” group that sought to overthrow the Tsarist regime. Tsar Alexander II became emperor of Russia on the 2nd of March 1855 and was one of the most liberal Tsars Russia had known. He made many reforms to improve life for the Russian people and these reforms (which included the emancipation of serfs in 1861 giving 23 million people their freedom) would earn him the name as ‘Alexander the Liberator’. Despite this he made other reforms which were not so popular including, after his authority was challenged, tightening his control and preventing other political party reforms. This was the main reason for the assassination attempts by the “peoples Will”. On the morning of his assassination Alexander II had signed a new reform to allow for more political freedom but due to his assassination the new reform was rejected by his Successor and son Alexander III.
Tsar Alexander III’s first order of business as Tsar was to cancel his fathers reform allowing representative assembly. He also announced that he had no intention of giving up any of his power to the people. This didn’t go down well with the people but Tsar Alexander III managed to survive all the assassination attempts made on his life, dying of natural causes on the 2oth of October 1894.
His son became Tsar Nicholas II and was crowned on this day. He was also disliked by the people but because of the state of the country caused by wars. On the 8th of February 1904 the Russo-Japanese War broke out as the two powers fight for control of Manchuria and Korea. A peaceful demonstration against the war on the 22nd of January 1905 (or the 9th of January on the old Julian calendar used at the time) ended in a massacre when Nicholas ordered his Cossack soldiers to open fire on the unarmed crowd. Estimates suggest over 1,000 people were killed in what later became known as Bloody Sunday. The Russian people began an uprising which became known as the Russian Revolution of 1905. When Russia lost on the 5th of September 1905 Nicholas II lost the trust of his supporters.
The Russian people had had enough of the growing poverty, governmental corruption and tremendous loss of life for Russia in World War I, which all happened under Tsarist Rule. On the 8th of March 1917 in the Capital of Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) more than 90,000 protesters clashed with police and remained on the streets. The protesters would not leave despite being attacked by the army on the 11th of March and many being killed the protestors resolve didn’t waver. Later that day 150,000 soldiers joined the protestors and on the 14th all Russian Soldiers in the capital had been ordered not to harm the civilians. On the 15 of March Nicholas II abdicated, giving the throne to his brother Michael. Michael refused the crown and Tsar Rule in Russia was ended after hundreds of years.