GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $176.7 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)


GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

 (Estimated 2011): $301.5 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $10,000 (US$) or (GBP)


Capital: Lima

Population (Estimated July 2012): 29,549,517

Area: 1,285,216km2 or 496,225mi2

Currency: Nuevo sol (S/.)

Official Language: Spanish, Quechua (locally) and Aymara (locally)

Political Information: Presidential Republic

Official Religion: No Official Religion
(approximately 81.3% of the population are Roman Catholic, 12.5% are Evangelical, 3.3% have other religious beliefs and 2.9% have no or unspecified religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Nevado Huascaran at 6,768m or 22,205ft

Largest River:

Map of Peru

Time Zone (GMT/UTC): -5:00




Counties/Provinces/States: 25 regions (regiones, singular - region) and 1 province* (provincia); Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Lima*, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali


Leaders: President Ollanta Humala Tasso and First Vice President Marisol Espinoza Cruz


Additional: Gained independence from Spain on the 28th of July 1821.



Sources: CIA World Fact Book, and Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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Peru (República del Perú (Spanish) (Republic of Peru)

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