(Republik Österreich (Republic of Austria))

Capital of Austria : Vienna

Population (Estimated July 2012): 8,219,743

Area: 83,879km2 or 32,386mi2

Currency: Euro (€)

Official Language: German

Political Information: Federal State

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 73.6% of the population is Roman Catholic, 4.7% are Protestant, 4.2% are Muslim, 5.5% have  other or unspecified religious beliefs and 12% have no religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Grossglockner at 3,798m or 12,460ft


GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $425.1 billion (US$) or £255.06 billion(GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)

GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States)  

 (Estimated 2011): $351.4 billion (US$) or £210.84 billion(GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $41,700 (US$) or £25,020 (GBP)


Time Zone (GMT/UTC): +1:00


Counties/Provinces/States: Burgenland, Karnten (Carinthia), Niederosterreich (Lower Austria), Oberosterreich (Upper Austria), Salzburg, Steiermark (Styria), Tirol (Tyrol), Vorarlberg, Wien (Vienna)


Leaders: Alexander VAN DER BELLEN (since 26 January 2017); Chancellor Sebastian KURZ (since 18 December 2017); Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian STRACHE (since 18 December 2017).


Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Austria, located in Central Europe, is a country known for its rich culture and stunning natural beauty. It is bordered by Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. The country is famous for its historical cities, picturesque landscapes, and vibrant arts scene. From the grandeur of Vienna to the breathtaking beauty of the Alps, Austria offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors.

Austria is a land of culture and history. It has been home to many great composers, artists, and writers who have left an indelible mark on the world. The country is also known for its love of music, with classical music being an integral part of its cultural heritage. Austria is also famous for its architecture, with stunning examples of Baroque and Gothic styles found throughout the country. In addition to its cultural attractions, Austria is blessed with natural beauty. The country is home to the majestic Alps, crystal-clear lakes, and picturesque rivers. Whether you are a nature lover or a history buff, Austria has something to offer everyone.

History of Austria: From the Habsburg Empire to Modern-Day

The history of Austria is rich and complex, with influences from various empires and kingdoms throughout the centuries. One of the most significant periods in Austrian history was the reign of the Habsburg Empire. The Habsburgs ruled over Austria for more than six centuries and their influence can still be seen today. Under their rule, Austria became a major European power and Vienna became a center of culture and politics.

The Habsburg Empire was known for its tolerance towards different cultures and religions. This led to a flourishing of arts and sciences in Austria during this period. Many famous composers such as Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven were active during this time and their works continue to be celebrated today.

In the 20th century, Austria went through a tumultuous period with the rise of Nazi Germany and World War

After the war, Austria was occupied by the Allied forces and eventually regained its independence. Today, Austria is a democratic country and a member of the European Union.


Geography of Austria: The Alps, Lakes and Rivers

Austria is known for its diverse and stunning landscape. The country is dominated by the majestic Alps, which cover about 60% of its territory. The Austrian Alps offer breathtaking views, with snow-capped peaks, lush green valleys, and crystal-clear lakes. The highest peak in Austria is Grossglockner, standing at 3,798 meters.

Apart from the Alps, Austria is also home to numerous lakes and rivers. The Danube River, one of Europe’s major waterways, flows through Austria and offers scenic cruises and recreational activities. The country is also known for its beautiful lakes, such as Lake Wolfgang and Lake Neusiedl, which are popular destinations for swimming, boating, and fishing.

The diverse geography of Austria provides ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and mountain biking. Whether you are an adrenaline junkie or a nature lover, Austria has something to offer everyone.

Austrian Culture: Music, Art and Literature

Austria has a rich cultural heritage that spans centuries. The country has produced some of the world’s greatest composers, artists, and writers. Classical music has always been an integral part of Austrian culture, with famous composers such as Mozart, Haydn, and Strauss hailing from the country. Vienna, the capital city of Austria, is often referred to as the “City of Music” due to its rich musical history.

In addition to music, Austria has also made significant contributions to the world of art and literature. The country has produced renowned artists such as Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, who were part of the Vienna Secession movement. Austrian literature is also highly regarded, with writers such as Arthur Schnitzler and Stefan Zweig gaining international recognition.

Austria’s cultural heritage is celebrated through various festivals and events throughout the year. The Vienna Opera Ball, held annually in Vienna, is one of the most prestigious events in the country and attracts visitors from around the world. The Salzburg Festival, held in Salzburg, is another major cultural event that showcases the best of Austrian music and theatre.

Famous Austrian Personalities: Mozart, Freud and Schwarzenegger

Austria has produced many famous personalities who have made significant contributions to their respective fields. One of the most well-known Austrians is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, one of the greatest composers in history. Mozart’s music continues to be celebrated worldwide and his works are performed in concert halls and opera houses around the globe.

Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, was also born in Austria. His theories and ideas have had a profound impact on psychology and continue to be studied and debated to this day. Arnold Schwarzenegger, the famous actor and former Governor of California, was also born in Austria. Schwarzenegger’s success in bodybuilding and Hollywood has made him a global icon.

These famous Austrians have not only achieved great success in their respective fields but have also had a significant impact on Austrian culture and society. They serve as a testament to the talent and creativity that can be found in Austria.

Austrian Cuisine: Schnitzel, Strudel and Wine

Austrian cuisine is known for its hearty and flavorful dishes. One of the most famous dishes is Wiener Schnitzel, a breaded and fried veal cutlet that is typically served with potatoes or salad. Another popular dish is Tafelspitz, which is boiled beef served with horseradish and apple sauce. Austrian cuisine also includes a variety of sausages, such as Bratwurst and Frankfurter.

When it comes to desserts, Austria is famous for its apple strudel and Sachertorte. Apple strudel is a sweet pastry filled with apples, raisins, and cinnamon, while Sachertorte is a rich chocolate cake with a layer of apricot jam. These desserts are often enjoyed with a cup of coffee, as Austria has a strong coffee culture.

Austria is also known for its wine production, particularly in the regions of Burgenland and Styria. The country produces a variety of wines, including Grüner Veltliner and Riesling. Wine-tasting tours are popular among visitors to Austria, allowing them to sample the country’s finest wines while enjoying the beautiful vineyards.

Festivals and Celebrations in Austria: Christmas Markets and Carnival

Austria is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations throughout the year. One of the most popular events is the Christmas markets, which are held in cities and towns across the country during the Advent season. These markets are known for their festive atmosphere, with stalls selling traditional crafts, food, and drinks. Visitors can enjoy mulled wine, roasted chestnuts, and gingerbread while browsing through the stalls.

Another major celebration in Austria is the Carnival, also known as Fasching or Fastnacht. This pre-Lenten festival is celebrated with parades, costumes, and parties. The city of Villach is particularly famous for its Carnival celebrations, which attract thousands of visitors each year.

Other notable festivals in Austria include the Vienna Opera Ball, mentioned earlier, and the Salzburg Festival. The Vienna Opera Ball is a glamorous event held at the Vienna State Opera House and attracts celebrities from around the world. The Salzburg Festival is a month-long celebration of music and theatre held in Salzburg, the birthplace of Mozart.

Tourism in Austria: Skiing, Hiking and Sightseeing

Austria is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The country offers a wide range of activities and attractions for tourists to enjoy. One of the main draws is skiing, with Austria being home to some of the best ski resorts in the world. The Alps provide excellent conditions for skiing and snowboarding, with resorts such as St. Anton, Kitzbühel, and Zell am See attracting winter sports enthusiasts from around the globe.

Apart from skiing, Austria is also a great destination for hiking and outdoor activities. The country has a well-developed network of hiking trails that offer stunning views of the mountains and lakes. The Hohe Tauern National Park, located in the Austrian Alps, is a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers.

For those interested in sightseeing, Austria has many historical cities and landmarks to explore. Vienna, the capital city, is known for its grand architecture, including the Hofburg Palace and St. Stephen’s Cathedral. Salzburg, the birthplace of Mozart, is another popular destination with its charming old town and famous music festival.

Education in Austria: Universities and Schools

Austria has a well-developed education system that provides high-quality education to its students. The country has a strong emphasis on academic excellence and offers a wide range of educational opportunities for students at all levels.

At the university level, Austria has several prestigious institutions that are recognized internationally. The University of Vienna, founded in 1365, is one of the oldest universities in the world and offers a wide range of programs in various fields. Other renowned universities include the Vienna University of Technology, Graz University of Technology, and the University of Innsbruck.

In addition to universities, Austria also has a strong primary and secondary education system. The country places a strong emphasis on providing a well-rounded education that includes not only academic subjects but also arts, sports, and extracurricular activities. The education system in Austria is known for its high standards and rigorous curriculum.

Economy of Austria: Industry, Trade and Tourism

Austria has a highly developed and prosperous economy. The country has a strong industrial sector, with manufacturing being one of the main contributors to the economy. Austria is known for its high-quality products, particularly in the fields of machinery, automotive, and electronics. Companies such as Siemens, Voestalpine, and Swarovski are based in Austria and have a global presence.

Trade is also an important part of the Austrian economy. The country has a strong export sector, with its main trading partners being Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. Austria is known for its high-quality products such as machinery, vehicles, and pharmaceuticals.

Tourism is another major contributor to the Austrian economy. The country attracts millions of visitors each year who come to enjoy its natural beauty, cultural attractions, and outdoor activities. The tourism industry provides employment opportunities for many Austrians and contributes significantly to the country’s GDP.
Austria is a country that offers a unique blend of culture and natural beauty. From its rich history and vibrant arts scene to its stunning landscapes and outdoor activities, Austria has something to offer everyone. Whether you are interested in exploring historical cities, skiing in the Alps, or experiencing the vibrant cultural festivals, Austria has it all. So why not plan a trip to Austria and experience its culture and natural beauty for yourself? You won’t be disappointed!

Population Density of Austria

Population Density of Austria

Population density refers to the number of individuals living in a specific area, usually measured per square kilometer. It is an important indicator of how crowded or sparse a region is and provides insights into the distribution of people within a country. Studying...

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