(Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany))

Capital: Berlin

Population (Estimated July 2012): 81,305,856

Area: 357,104 km2 or 137,879 mi2

Currency: Euro (€)

Official Language: German

Political Information: Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 34% of the population are Protestant, 34% are Roman Catholic, 3.7% are Muslim and 28.3% have other religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Zugspitze at 2,963m or 9,721ft


GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $3.629 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)

GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

(Estimated 2011): $3.085 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $37,900 (US$) or (GBP)


Time Zone (GMT/UTC): +1:00


Counties/Provinces/States: 16 states (Laender, singular – Land); Baden-Wurttemberg, Bayern (Bavaria), Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen (Hesse), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate), Saarland, Sachsen (Saxony), Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt), Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringen (Thuringia); note – Bayern, Sachsen, and Thuringen refer to themselves as free states (Freistaaten, singular – Freistaat)


 Leaders: Acting President Horst Seehofer with Chancellor Angela Merkel.


Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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