(Éire (Irish); Ireland (English))

Capital of Ireland: Dublin

Population (Estimated July 2012): 4,722,028

Area: 70,273 km2 or 27,133 mi2

Currency: Euro (€)

Official Language: Irish and English

Political Information: Constitutional Parliamentary Republic

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 87.4% of the population are Roman Catholic, 4.8% Have other Christian beliefs, 3.6% have other or unspecified religious beliefs and 4.2% have no religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Carrauntoohil (Corrán Tuathail (Irish)) 1,038m or 3,406 ft


GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $221.7 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)


GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

 (Estimated 2011): $181.9 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $39,500 (US$) or (GBP)


Time Zone (GMT/UTC): GMT

Counties/Provinces/States: 29 counties and 5 cities*; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Cork*, Donegal, Dublin*, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, Galway, Galway*, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Limerick*, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, North Tipperary, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, South Dublin, South Tipperary, Waterford, Waterford*, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow


Leaders: President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 11 November 2011) with Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Leo VARADKAR (since 14 June 2017).


Additional: Gained independence from the UK on the 6th of December 1921.



Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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