Cambridgeshire, England

Cambridgeshire, England

Cambridgeshire is a county located in the East of England. It is bordered by Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex to the southeast, Hertfordshire to the south, Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west, and Rutland to the northwest. The county covers an area of approximately 3,389 square kilometers (1,308 square miles) and has a population of around 850,000 people.

Cambridgeshire is known for its rich history, stunning natural beauty, prestigious universities, and vibrant cultural scene. It offers a unique blend of rural charm and urban sophistication, making it an ideal destination for both nature lovers and city dwellers. With its picturesque villages, historic landmarks, and thriving economy, Cambridgeshire has something to offer everyone.


  • Cambridgeshire is a county located in the east of England.
  • The history of Cambridgeshire dates back to Roman times and has a rich cultural heritage.
  • Cambridgeshire is home to beautiful rivers, fens, and wildlife, making it a great destination for nature lovers.
  • The county is famous for its universities, which are hubs of knowledge and innovation.
  • Cambridgeshire boasts a diverse range of architecture, from medieval castles to modern developments.

The History of Cambridgeshire: From Roman Times to the Present Day

Cambridgeshire has a long and fascinating history that dates back to Roman times. The area was originally settled by the Romans in the 1st century AD, who established a number of small settlements along the River Cam. These settlements grew over time and eventually became the city of Cambridge.

In the Anglo-Saxon period, Cambridgeshire was part of the Kingdom of East Anglia. The area saw further development and expansion during this time, with the construction of churches and monasteries. The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209 and quickly became one of the most prestigious educational institutions in the world. The university has had a profound impact on the county, attracting scholars from all over the world and contributing to its intellectual and cultural heritage.

During the Industrial Revolution, Cambridgeshire experienced significant growth and development. The construction of railways and canals brought new industries to the area, including agriculture, manufacturing, and engineering. The county became a hub of innovation and technological advancement, with many important scientific discoveries and inventions being made in Cambridge.

Exploring the Natural Beauty of Cambridgeshire: Rivers, Fens and Wildlife

Cambridgeshire is blessed with a diverse and beautiful natural landscape. The River Cam is one of the county’s most iconic features and is famous for its punting culture. Punting involves propelling a flat-bottomed boat with a long pole, and it is a popular activity for both locals and tourists. The river is lined with picturesque meadows and historic buildings, making it a delightful place to explore.

The Fens are another unique natural feature of Cambridgeshire. They are a vast area of marshland and wetland that covers much of the county. The Fens have a distinctive landscape, characterized by wide open spaces, reed beds, and waterways. They are home to a rich variety of wildlife, including rare birds, mammals, and plants. There are several nature reserves and parks in the Fens that offer opportunities for walking, birdwatching, and photography.

Cambridgeshire is also home to many other beautiful natural areas, such as Wicken Fen National Nature Reserve, Grafham Water, and Nene Park. These places provide a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of city life and offer a chance to connect with nature.

Cambridgeshire’s Famous Universities: A Hub of Knowledge and Innovation

The University of Cambridge is undoubtedly the most famous educational institution in Cambridgeshire. It was founded in 1209 and is one of the oldest universities in the world. The university has a rich history and has produced many notable alumni, including Sir Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, and Stephen Hawking.

In addition to the University of Cambridge, there are several other universities and research institutions in Cambridgeshire. These include Anglia Ruskin University, which has campuses in Cambridge and Chelmsford, and the Wellcome Sanger Institute, a world-leading genomics research center.

The presence of these universities and research institutions has had a significant impact on the local economy. They attract students, academics, and researchers from all over the world, creating a vibrant and diverse community. They also contribute to the development of new technologies and industries, driving innovation and entrepreneurship in the county.

The Architecture of Cambridgeshire: From Medieval Castles to Modern Developments

Cambridgeshire is home to a wealth of architectural treasures, ranging from medieval castles to modern developments. The county’s rich history is reflected in its buildings, with examples of Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Norman, Gothic, Georgian, Victorian, and modern architecture.

One of the most iconic landmarks in Cambridgeshire is Cambridge University’s King’s College Chapel. Built in the 15th century, it is considered one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in the world. The chapel’s stunning stained glass windows and intricate stone carvings are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the time.

In addition to its historic buildings, Cambridgeshire also boasts a number of impressive modern developments. The city of Cambridge is known for its innovative architecture, with buildings such as the Cambridge Judge Business School and the Cambridge Biomedical Campus pushing the boundaries of design and functionality.

The Rural Life of Cambridgeshire: Farming, Agriculture and Village Communities

Cambridgeshire has a strong agricultural heritage and is known for its fertile farmland. The county’s flat terrain and rich soil make it ideal for farming, and agriculture has been an important part of the local economy for centuries.

The main crops grown in Cambridgeshire include wheat, barley, sugar beet, potatoes, and vegetables. The county is also known for its dairy farms, which produce high-quality milk and cheese. Many of these farms are open to the public and offer tours and activities for visitors.

In addition to farming, Cambridgeshire is home to many charming village communities. These villages have a strong sense of community and are known for their traditional customs and events. They often have historic buildings, such as thatched cottages and medieval churches, which add to their charm.

Rural tourism is also a significant part of the local economy in Cambridgeshire. Visitors come from far and wide to experience the tranquility and beauty of the countryside, as well as to enjoy activities such as walking, cycling, and horse riding.

Cambridgeshire’s Cultural Scene: Festivals, Theatre and Museums

Cambridgeshire has a vibrant cultural scene, with a wide range of festivals, theatres, and museums to explore. Throughout the year, the county hosts a variety of events that celebrate music, art, literature, and more.

One of the most popular festivals in Cambridgeshire is the Cambridge Folk Festival. Held annually in Cherry Hinton Hall, the festival attracts folk music enthusiasts from all over the world. It features performances by both established artists and up-and-coming talent, as well as workshops and activities for all ages.

The county is also home to several theatres and performing arts venues. The Cambridge Arts Theatre is one of the most prestigious venues in the region and hosts a diverse range of productions, including plays, musicals, ballets, and operas. The Junction in Cambridge is another popular venue that showcases contemporary dance, music, and theatre.

For those interested in history and art, Cambridgeshire has a number of museums and galleries to explore. The Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge houses a world-class collection of art and antiquities, while the Imperial War Museum Duxford showcases military aircraft and vehicles from throughout history.

The Local Cuisine of Cambridgeshire: Traditional Dishes and Food Festivals

Cambridgeshire is known for its delicious local cuisine, which features a variety of traditional dishes and locally sourced ingredients. The county’s fertile farmland and proximity to the coast provide a wealth of fresh produce, including meat, fish, vegetables, and dairy products.

One of the most famous dishes in Cambridgeshire is the Cambridge burnt cream, also known as crème brûlée. This creamy dessert is made with eggs, cream, sugar, and vanilla, and is typically served with a caramelized sugar crust on top. It is a popular choice in many restaurants and cafes throughout the county.

Cambridgeshire is also home to a number of food festivals and markets that celebrate local produce. The Ely Food Festival, for example, showcases the best of Cambridgeshire’s food and drink, with stalls selling everything from artisan cheeses to homemade preserves. The festival also features cooking demonstrations, tastings, and live music.

The local food scene in Cambridgeshire has a significant impact on the local economy. Many restaurants and cafes in the county pride themselves on using locally sourced ingredients, supporting local farmers and producers. This focus on sustainability and quality has helped to establish Cambridgeshire as a foodie destination.

Cambridgeshire’s Sporting Traditions: Football, Cricket and Rowing

Cambridgeshire has a rich sporting heritage and is home to several successful sports teams and clubs. Football is particularly popular in the county, with Cambridge United FC representing the area in the English Football League. The club has a passionate fan base and regularly attracts large crowds to its matches.

Cricket is another popular sport in Cambridgeshire, with several clubs competing in local leagues. The county has produced many talented cricketers over the years, some of whom have gone on to represent England at the international level.

Rowing is also a significant part of the sporting culture in Cambridgeshire, thanks to the famous Boat Race between the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. The race takes place annually on the River Thames in London and attracts thousands of spectators. The rivalry between the two universities is fierce, and the event is a highlight of the sporting calendar.

Getting Around Cambridgeshire: Public Transport, Cycling and Walking Routes

Cambridgeshire has a well-developed public transport network that makes it easy to get around the county and beyond. The city of Cambridge has a comprehensive bus service, with regular routes connecting all parts of the city. There are also train stations in Cambridge, Ely, and Peterborough, providing easy access to other parts of the country.

Cycling is a popular mode of transport in Cambridgeshire, thanks to its flat terrain and extensive network of cycle paths. The county has invested heavily in cycling infrastructure, making it safe and convenient for cyclists to travel around. There are also many scenic cycling routes that allow visitors to explore the countryside at their own pace.

For those who prefer walking, Cambridgeshire offers a variety of walking routes that showcase its natural beauty and historic landmarks. The county has an extensive network of footpaths and bridleways that crisscross the countryside, providing opportunities for leisurely strolls or more challenging hikes.

The emphasis on sustainable transport in Cambridgeshire has had a positive impact on both the local environment and economy. It has helped to reduce congestion and air pollution, as well as promote healthier lifestyles. The county’s commitment to sustainable transport has been recognized with several awards and accolades.
Cambridgeshire is a county that offers a wealth of attractions and experiences for visitors. From its rich history and stunning natural beauty to its prestigious universities and vibrant cultural scene, there is something for everyone to enjoy. Whether you’re exploring the historic city of Cambridge, punting on the River Cam, or sampling the delicious local cuisine, Cambridgeshire is sure to leave a lasting impression. So why not plan a visit and discover all that this beautiful county has to offer?


What is Cambridgeshire?

Cambridgeshire is a county located in the East of England. It is bordered by Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.

What is the population of Cambridgeshire?

As of mid-2019, the estimated population of Cambridgeshire is around 852,523.

What is the county town of Cambridgeshire?

The county town of Cambridgeshire is Cambridge, which is also the county’s largest city.

What is Cambridge known for?

Cambridge is known for its prestigious university, the University of Cambridge, which is one of the oldest and most renowned universities in the world. The city is also known for its beautiful architecture, including the famous King’s College Chapel, and its picturesque punting on the River Cam.

What other towns are in Cambridgeshire?

Other towns in Cambridgeshire include Peterborough, Huntingdon, St Neots, Wisbech, March, and Ely.

What is the economy of Cambridgeshire like?

Cambridgeshire has a diverse economy, with strengths in sectors such as technology, life sciences, and agriculture. The county is home to many high-tech companies, including ARM Holdings, AstraZeneca, and Microsoft Research. Agriculture is also an important industry in Cambridgeshire, with the county being one of the UK’s largest producers of potatoes and other crops.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Cambridgeshire?

Some popular tourist attractions in Cambridgeshire include the University of Cambridge, King’s College Chapel, Ely Cathedral, the Fitzwilliam Museum, and the Imperial War Museum Duxford. The county is also known for its beautiful countryside, including the Fens and the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway.

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