(Bharat (Hindi); Republic of India (English))

Capital of India: New Delhi

Population (Estimated July 2012):  1,205,073,612

Area: 3,166,414 km2 or 1,222,559 mi2

Currency: Indian Rupee (Re, Plural Rs)

Official Language: Hindi and English

Political Information: Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 80.5% of the population are Hindu, 13.4% are Muslim, 2.3% are Christian, 1.9% are Sikh 1.9% have other or unspecified religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Anamudi 2,695m or 8,842ft


GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $1.843 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)

GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

(Estimated 2011): $4.463 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $3,700 (US$) or (GBP)

Time Zone (GMT/UTC): +5:30

Counties/Provinces/States: 28 states and 7 union territories*; Andaman and Nicobar Islands*, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh*, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli*, Daman and Diu*, Delhi*, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep*, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Puducherry*, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal


Leaders: President Ram Nath KOVIND (since 25 July 2017); Vice President M. Venkaiah NAIDU (since 11 August 2017) and Prime Minister Narendra MODI (since 26 May 2014).


Additional: Gained independence from the UK on the 15th of August 1947.

Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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