Flag of Jamaica
Map of Jamaica
Central America
two tone map of Jamaica

Capital: Kingston

Population (Estimated July 2012): 2,889,187

Area: 10,991 km2 or 4,244 mi2

Currency: Jamaican Dollar (J$)

Official Language: English

Political Information: Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 62.5% of the population are Protestants, 2.6% are Roman Catholics, 14.2% have other or unspecified religious beliefs and 20.9% have no religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Blue Mountain Peak at 2,256 m or 7,402ft

GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a countries economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $14.7 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)


GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and use of resources but not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

 (Estimated 2011): $24.58 billion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $9,000 (US$) or (GBP)

Time Zone (GMT/UTC): -5:00



Counties/Provinces/States: 14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland

note: for local government purposes, Kingston and Saint Andrew were amalgamated in 1923 into the present single corporate body known as the Kingston and Saint Andrew Corporation


Leaders: H.M. Queen Elizabeth II with Governor-General Sir Patrick Allen and Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller

 Additional: Gained Independence from the UK on the 6th of August 1962.

Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica.


Jamaica is an island nation located in the Caribbean Sea, known for its stunning beaches, vibrant culture, and reggae music. The country is the third-largest island in the Caribbean and is home to a population of approximately 2.9 million people. The capital city of Jamaica is Kingston, which is also the largest city in the country. Jamaica gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 and has since become a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world. The official language of Jamaica is English, and the currency is the Jamaican dollar. The country is famous for its warm and welcoming people, as well as its rich history and diverse cultural heritage.

Jamaica is renowned for its natural beauty, with lush rainforests, majestic mountains, and crystal-clear waters. The island’s tropical climate and stunning landscapes make it a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. Whether you’re looking to relax on the beach, explore the vibrant cities, or immerse yourself in the local culture, Jamaica has something to offer for everyone. From the iconic Blue Mountains to the famous Dunn’s River Falls, there are countless attractions to discover on this enchanting island. With its laid-back atmosphere and infectious rhythm, Jamaica is a destination that will capture your heart and leave you longing to return again and again.

History and Culture of Jamaica

The history of Jamaica is a complex tapestry woven with influences from indigenous Taino people, European colonizers, African slaves, and East Indian indentured labourers. The island was originally inhabited by the Taino people before being colonized by the Spanish in the 15th century. In 1655, Jamaica was captured by the British and became a major hub for the transatlantic slave trade. The legacy of slavery has had a profound impact on Jamaican culture, shaping its music, language, and traditions. The island’s rich cultural heritage is celebrated through its vibrant festivals, such as the annual Reggae Sumfest and the lively street parties known as “dancehall sessions.”

Jamaica is also famous for its influential music scene, particularly reggae, which was popularized by legendary musician Bob Marley. Reggae music has become synonymous with Jamaican culture and has had a significant impact on music worldwide. The island’s cuisine is a delicious fusion of African, European, and Indian flavours, with dishes such as jerk chicken, ackee and saltfish, and curry goat being popular staples. Jamaican culture is also reflected in its vibrant art scene, with colourful murals adorning the streets and galleries showcasing the work of local artists. The warmth and friendliness of the Jamaican people are evident in their hospitality and strong sense of community, making it a truly special place to visit.

Geography and Climate of Jamaica

Jamaica is a stunning island located in the Caribbean Sea, with a diverse landscape that includes mountains, rainforests, and beautiful beaches. The island is approximately 146 miles long and 51 miles wide, with a total area of 4,240 square miles. The Blue Mountains, located in the eastern part of the island, are the highest mountain range in Jamaica and are known for their breathtaking views and lush vegetation. The island’s coastline is dotted with picturesque coves and bays, with some of the most famous beaches including Negril, Montego Bay, and Ocho Rios.

The climate in Jamaica is tropical, with warm temperatures throughout the year. The island experiences a wet season from May to October and a dry season from November to April. The average temperature in Jamaica ranges from 77°F to 86°F, making it an ideal destination for sun-seekers. The warm waters of the Caribbean Sea provide excellent conditions for swimming, snorkelling, and diving, with an abundance of marine life and coral reefs to explore. Jamaica’s natural beauty and pleasant climate make it a paradise for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and water sports.

Famous Attractions in Jamaica

Jamaica is home to a wealth of famous attractions that showcase the island’s natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. One of the most iconic landmarks in Jamaica is Dunn’s River Falls, a stunning waterfall that cascades over limestone terraces into the Caribbean Sea. Visitors can climb the falls with the help of experienced guides or simply relax on the beach and admire the breathtaking scenery. Another must-see destination is the Blue Mountains National Park, which offers spectacular hiking trails, coffee plantations, and panoramic views of the island.

For those interested in history and culture, a visit to the Bob Marley Museum in Kingston is a must. The museum is located in Marley’s former home and showcases memorabilia, photographs, and personal items belonging to the reggae legend. In Ocho Rios, visitors can explore the enchanting Green Grotto Caves, which are filled with stalactites, stalagmites, and underground lakes. The vibrant city of Montego Bay is known for its lively atmosphere and beautiful beaches, while Negril is famous for its stunning sunsets and Seven Mile Beach. Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or cultural experiences, Jamaica has something to offer for every type of traveller.

Jamaican Cuisine and Music

Jamaican cuisine is a delicious fusion of flavours influenced by African, European, and Indian culinary traditions. One of the most famous dishes in Jamaican cuisine is jerk chicken, which is marinated in a spicy blend of herbs and spices before being grilled to perfection. Another popular dish is ackee and saltfish, a savoury combination of salted codfish and ackee fruit that is often served with fried dumplings or plantains. Curry goat is another staple of Jamaican cuisine, featuring tender goat meat cooked in a fragrant curry sauce with potatoes and vegetables.

In addition to its mouth-watering cuisine, Jamaica is also renowned for its influential music scene. Reggae music originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s and has since become a global phenomenon thanks to legendary musicians such as Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, and Jimmy Cliff. Reggae music is characterised by its infectious rhythm and socially conscious lyrics that reflect the struggles and triumphs of the Jamaican people. The island’s music scene also includes other genres such as dancehall, ska, and calypso, all of which have contributed to Jamaica’s rich musical heritage. Whether you’re enjoying a traditional Jamaican meal or dancing to the infectious beats of reggae music, the vibrant culture of Jamaica is sure to leave a lasting impression.

Economy and Industry in Jamaica

Jamaica’s economy is diverse and relies on various industries such as tourism, agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. The country’s tourism sector is a major contributor to its economy, attracting millions of visitors each year who come to enjoy the island’s natural beauty and vibrant culture. Agriculture also plays a significant role in Jamaica’s economy, with products such as sugar cane, bananas, coffee, and citrus fruits being important exports. The mining industry in Jamaica focuses on bauxite extraction, with the country being one of the world’s leading producers of this valuable mineral.

In recent years, Jamaica has also seen growth in its manufacturing sector, particularly in areas such as food processing, textiles, and pharmaceuticals. The country has made efforts to diversify its economy through initiatives aimed at promoting entrepreneurship and innovation. Despite facing economic challenges such as high debt levels and unemployment rates, Jamaica continues to make strides towards sustainable development and economic growth. With its natural resources, skilled workforce, and strategic location in the Caribbean region, Jamaica has great potential for further economic expansion.

Travel Tips for Visiting Jamaica

When visiting Jamaica, it’s important to be mindful of local customs and etiquette to ensure a respectful and enjoyable experience. Jamaican people are known for their warm hospitality and friendly nature but it’s important to be aware of cultural sensitivities when interacting with locals. It’s customary to greet people with a friendly “good morning” or “good afternoon” when entering shops or restaurants as a sign of respect.

In terms of safety, it’s advisable to exercise caution when exploring unfamiliar areas and avoid displaying expensive jewellery or valuables. It’s also recommended to use reputable transportation services such as licensed taxis or private transfers when travelling around the island. When it comes to dining experiences in Jamaica, be sure to sample traditional dishes such as jerk chicken or curry goat at local eateries for an authentic taste of Jamaican cuisine.

For those planning outdoor activities such as hiking or beach excursions, it’s essential to pack sunscreen, insect repellent, and comfortable footwear for exploring Jamaica’s diverse landscapes. Additionally, it’s important to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout your stay due to the warm tropical climate. Lastly, don’t forget to immerse yourself in Jamaica’s vibrant music scene by attending live performances or visiting local music venues for an unforgettable cultural experience.

In conclusion, Jamaica offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, rich history, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality that makes it an unforgettable destination for travellers seeking adventure or relaxation. With its stunning beaches, lush rainforests, iconic landmarks, mouth-watering cuisine, influential music scene, diverse economy, and warm climate – Jamaica truly has something for everyone to enjoy. Whether you’re exploring historic sites in Kingston or soaking up the sun on Negril’s Seven Mile Beach – Jamaica’s charm will leave you longing to return time and time again.



What is the capital of Jamaica?

The capital of Jamaica is Kingston.

What is the official language of Jamaica?

The official language of Jamaica is English.

What is the currency used in Jamaica?

The currency used in Jamaica is the Jamaican dollar.

What is the population of Jamaica?

As of 2021, the population of Jamaica is estimated to be around 2.9 million people.

What is the climate like in Jamaica?

Jamaica has a tropical climate, with warm temperatures throughout the year. The island experiences a rainy season from May to October and a dry season from November to April.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Jamaica?

Some popular tourist attractions in Jamaica include Dunn’s River Falls, Bob Marley Museum, Blue Mountains, Seven Mile Beach, and Rick’s Cafe.

What is Jamaican cuisine like?

Jamaican cuisine is known for its bold and spicy flavours. Some popular dishes include jerk chicken, ackee and saltfish, curry goat, and rice and peas.

What are some traditional Jamaican musical styles?

Traditional Jamaican musical styles include reggae, ska, and dancehall. Jamaica is also known for its influence on the development of hip-hop music.

History of Jamaica

History of Jamaica

Jamaica has a rich history that dates back to the Pre-Columbian era, long before the arrival of European settlers. The island was originally inhabited by the Taíno people, who were part of the Arawak indigenous group. The Taíno people were skilled farmers and...

Population Density of Jamaica

Population Density of Jamaica

Jamaica, a beautiful island nation in the Caribbean, is known for its stunning beaches, vibrant culture, and reggae music. However, what many people may not realise is that Jamaica also has one of the highest population densities in the world. With a land area of just...

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