South Korea

South Korea

(Taehan Min’guk (Republic of Korea))

Flag of South Korea
Map of South Korea
Asian Continent
two tone map of South Korea
South Korea

Capital: Seoul

Population (Estimated July 2012): 48,860,500

Area: 99,678 km2 or 38,486 mi2

Currency: (South Korean) won (W)

Official Language: Korean

Political Information: Presidential Republic

Official Religion: No Official Religion (approximately 26.3% of the population are Christian, 23.2% are Buddhist, 1.3% have other religious beliefs and 49.2 have no religious beliefs)

Highest Mountain: Hallasan at 1,950 m or 6,398 ft

GDP Official Exchange Rate (OER is more precise at gauging a country’s economic power)

(Estimated 2011): $1.164 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (OER) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): (US$) or (GBP)


GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP is good for gauging living conditions and the use of resources but is not as accurate as OER. This data has been calculated based on the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States) 

 (Estimated 2011): $1.549 trillion (US$) or (GBP)

GDP (PPP) Per Capita (per member of the population estimated 2011): $31,700 (US$) or (GBP)

Time Zone (GMT/UTC): +9:00



Counties/Provinces/States: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 7 metropolitan cities (gwangyoksi, singular and plural)

provinces: Chungbuk (North Chungcheong), Chungnam (South Chungcheong), Gangwon, Gyeonggi, Gyeongbuk (North Gyeongsang), Gyeongnam (South Gyeongsang), Jeju, Jeonbuk (North Jeolla), Jeonnam (South Jeolla)

metropolitan cities: Busan (Pusan), Daegu (Taegu), Daejon (Taejon), Gwangju (Kwangju), Incheon (Inch’on), Seoul, Ulsan


Leaders: President Lee Myung-bak with Prime Minister Kim Hwang-sik.

 Additional: Gained independence from Japan on the 15th of August 1945.

Sources: CIA World Fact Book, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

South Korea

South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, is a vibrant and dynamic country situated in East Asia. It shares its northern border with North Korea and is surrounded by the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan. The capital city, Seoul, is a bustling metropolis renowned for its modern skyscrapers, high-tech underground railways, and popular culture.

South Korea boasts a rich history spanning thousands of years, and its culture is a unique blend of traditional customs and contemporary influences. The country is also well-known for its economic prowess, technological advancements, and flavoursome cuisine. With its stunning natural landscapes, ancient temples, and bustling cities, South Korea offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors.

South Korea is a country with a profound sense of national pride and a strong cultural identity. The people are known for their warmth and hospitality, and visitors are often struck by the juxtaposition of ancient traditions and cutting-edge technology. From the serene beauty of its countryside to the fast-paced energy of its urban centres, South Korea offers a wealth of experiences for travellers.

Whether one is exploring the historic palaces of Seoul, rambling in the picturesque mountains, or indulging in the country’s world-famous cuisine, South Korea has something to offer everyone. With its unique blend of tradition and modernity, South Korea is a country that continues to captivate and inspire visitors from around the world.


  • South Korea is a vibrant and modern country located in East Asia, known for its rich history, technological advancements, and delicious cuisine.
  • The history and culture of South Korea is deeply rooted in Confucianism, Buddhism, and traditional Korean customs, with a strong emphasis on family and respect for elders.
  • South Korea has rapidly developed into a global economic powerhouse, with a strong focus on technology, innovation, and exports such as electronics, automobiles, and shipbuilding.
  • South Korean cuisine is diverse and flavourful, with popular dishes like kimchi, bibimbap, and bulgogi, reflecting the country’s agricultural traditions and use of fermented ingredients.
  • From the bustling city of Seoul to the serene beauty of Jeju Island, South Korea offers a wide range of tourist destinations, including historic landmarks, natural wonders, and modern entertainment districts.


History and Culture of South Korea


The Ancient Era

The peninsula’s early history is marked by the establishment of various kingdoms, including the Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla dynasties. These kingdoms played a significant role in shaping the region’s culture, politics, and economy.

The Division of the Peninsula

One of the most pivotal events in Korean history was the division of the peninsula into North and South Korea following the Second World War. This division was the result of the Allied powers’ decision to occupy the peninsula, with the Soviet Union controlling the north and the United States controlling the south.

Modern-Day South Korea

Today, South Korea is a thriving nation that has made significant strides in technology, economy, and culture. The country has transformed itself from one of the poorest nations in the world to a modern, industrialised economy, earning the nickname “Miracle on the Han River”.

The culture of South Korea is deeply rooted in Confucianism, which emphasises respect for elders, family values, and social harmony. This influence can be seen in various aspects of Korean life, including its hierarchical social structure, traditional ceremonies, and etiquette. South Korea is also known for its rich artistic traditions, including music, dance, and visual arts.

Traditional Korean music, known as “gugak,” features a wide range of instruments and vocal styles, while traditional dance forms such as “samul nori” and “fan dance” are still performed today. South Korea’s contemporary culture is also thriving, with a booming film industry, popular music scene, and a growing influence on global fashion and entertainment.

Economy and Technology in South Korea

South Korea has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past few decades, evolving from a war-torn nation to one of the world’s leading economies. The country’s rapid industrialisation and technological advancements have earned it the nickname “The Miracle on the Han River.” South Korea is home to some of the world’s largest multinational corporations, including Samsung, Hyundai, and LG, which have played a significant role in driving the country’s economic growth. The country is also a global leader in technology and innovation, with a strong focus on research and development in fields such as electronics, automotive engineering, and biotechnology.

The South Korean economy is driven by exports, particularly in the fields of electronics, automobiles, and shipbuilding. The country is also known for its strong emphasis on education and its highly skilled workforce. South Korea has one of the highest rates of tertiary education attainment in the world, with a strong focus on science and engineering.

The country’s commitment to innovation is evident in its investment in cutting-edge technologies such as 5G networks, artificial intelligence, and renewable energy. With its strong emphasis on innovation and entrepreneurship, South Korea continues to be a major player in the global economy.

South Korean Cuisine and Culinary Traditions

South Korean cuisine is renowned for its bold flavours, diverse ingredients, and emphasis on balance and harmony. Korean food is often characterised by its use of fermented ingredients such as kimchi (spicy fermented vegetables) and gochujang (fermented red chili paste), as well as its focus on fresh vegetables, rice, and meats. One of the most iconic Korean dishes is “bulgogi,” which consists of thinly sliced marinated beef that is grilled or stir-fried.

Another popular dish is “bibimbap,” which is a mixed rice bowl topped with an assortment of vegetables, meat, egg, and spicy sauce. Korean cuisine also places a strong emphasis on communal dining and sharing dishes with others. Meals are often accompanied by an array of side dishes known as “banchan,” which can include pickled vegetables, tofu, fish cakes, and more.

In addition to its savoury dishes, Korean cuisine also features a variety of sweet treats such as “tteok” (rice cakes) and “hoddeok” (sweet pancakes). With its emphasis on fresh ingredients, bold flavours, and communal dining traditions, Korean cuisine continues to captivate food lovers around the world.

Popular Tourist Destinations in South Korea


Historic Landmarks

One of the most iconic landmarks in South Korea is Gyeongbokgung Palace in Seoul, which was built in the 14th century during the Joseon Dynasty. The palace complex features beautiful architecture, expansive gardens, and traditional ceremonies such as the changing of the guard.

Natural Wonders

Another must-see destination is Jeju Island, a volcanic island known for its dramatic landscapes, pristine beaches, and unique lava tubes. For those interested in exploring South Korea’s natural beauty, Seoraksan National Park offers breathtaking mountain scenery, lush forests, and hiking trails for outdoor enthusiasts. The city of Busan is also a popular destination for its vibrant cultural scene, beautiful beaches, and bustling markets.

Modern Cities

In addition to its historic sites and natural wonders, South Korea is also known for its modern cities such as Seoul and Incheon, which offer world-class shopping, dining, and entertainment options. Whether you’re exploring ancient temples or enjoying the vibrant energy of its urban centres, South Korea offers something for every type of traveller.

Education and Healthcare in South Korea

South Korea places a strong emphasis on education and has one of the highest rates of tertiary education attainment in the world. The country’s education system is highly competitive, with a strong focus on academic achievement and rigorous testing. Students typically attend school six days a week and often participate in additional after-school tutoring programs known as “hagwons.” South Korea’s commitment to education has led to high levels of literacy and a well-educated workforce that has contributed to the country’s economic success.

In addition to its focus on education, South Korea also has a comprehensive healthcare system that provides universal coverage for its citizens. The country has made significant investments in healthcare infrastructure and technology, leading to high-quality medical care that is accessible to all residents. South Korea is also known for its advanced medical research and treatment facilities in fields such as plastic surgery, dermatology, and stem cell therapy.

With its strong emphasis on education and healthcare, South Korea continues to be a leader in providing quality services for its citizens.

The Future of South Korea

As South Korea continues to evolve and grow, it faces both opportunities and challenges in shaping its future. The country’s economy remains strong, driven by innovation and technological advancements that have positioned it as a global leader in various industries. However, South Korea also faces social issues such as an ageing population and income inequality that will require careful planning and policy initiatives to address.

In terms of technology, South Korea is poised to continue leading the way with advancements in areas such as artificial intelligence, renewable energy, and biotechnology. The country’s commitment to research and development will likely result in further breakthroughs that will benefit not only its own citizens but also have an impact on the global stage. In conclusion, South Korea is a country with a rich history, vibrant culture, strong economy, and exciting future prospects.

From its delicious cuisine to its stunning natural landscapes and modern cities, South Korea offers a wealth of experiences for visitors. With its commitment to education and healthcare, as well as its focus on innovation and technology, South Korea continues to be a dynamic nation that captivates people from around the world. As it looks towards the future, South Korea is poised to continue making significant contributions to various fields while preserving its unique cultural heritage.



What is the capital of South Korea?

The capital of South Korea is Seoul.

What is the population of South Korea?

As of 2021, the population of South Korea is approximately 51 million people.

What is the official language of South Korea?

The official language of South Korea is Korean.

What is the currency used in South Korea?

The currency used in South Korea is the South Korean won (KRW).

What are some popular tourist attractions in South Korea?

Some popular tourist attractions in South Korea include Gyeongbokgung Palace, Bukchon Hanok Village, N Seoul Tower, and Jeju Island.

What is the climate like in South Korea?

South Korea has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and dry, while summers are hot and humid.

What are some traditional Korean dishes?

Some traditional Korean dishes include kimchi, bibimbap, bulgogi, and kimchi jjigae.

What are some major industries in South Korea?

Some major industries in South Korea include electronics, automotive, shipbuilding, and steel production.

What is the education system like in South Korea?

South Korea has a highly competitive education system, with a strong emphasis on academic achievement. It is known for its high-quality education and high levels of literacy.

History of South Korea

History of South Korea

South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, possesses a rich and ancient history spanning thousands of years. The Korean Peninsula has been inhabited since the Lower Palaeolithic period, with evidence of human presence dating back to approximately 700,000...

Population Density of South Korea

Population Density of South Korea

South Korea is a small country situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, with a population exceeding 51 million people. Despite its relatively modest size, South Korea boasts one of the highest population densities globally, with an average of 527 people per...

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