Surrey, England

Surrey, England

Surrey, located in the South East of England, is a county known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. With a population of over 1.1 million people, Surrey is one of the most populous counties in England. It is bordered by Greater London to the north, Kent to the east, Sussex to the south, and Hampshire to the west.

Surrey has gained a reputation as a desirable place to live and visit due to its proximity to London, excellent transport links, and high quality of life. The county offers a perfect balance between urban and rural living, with bustling towns and cities coexisting with picturesque countryside and charming villages.


  • Surrey is a beautiful county located in the South East of England.
  • The history of Surrey dates back to Roman times and has a rich cultural heritage.
  • Surrey’s landscape is characterized by rolling hills, woodland, and waterways.
  • The county has a vibrant culture and traditions, with festivals, food and drink, and local customs.
  • Surrey is home to charming towns and cities such as Guildford, Woking, and Epsom, as well as picturesque villages and countryside.


History of Surrey: From Roman Times to the Present Day

Surrey has a rich history that dates back to Roman times. The Romans occupied the area in the 1st century AD and established settlements such as Southwark and Staines. During medieval times, Surrey became an important center for trade and agriculture. The county was home to several royal palaces, including Guildford Castle and Farnham Castle.

In more recent history, Surrey has seen significant developments and growth. The Industrial Revolution brought about changes in agriculture and industry, with coal mining becoming an important industry in areas such as Woking. In the 20th century, Surrey experienced suburbanization as people moved out of London to seek a better quality of life.

Key historical sites and landmarks in Surrey include Hampton Court Palace, which was built by Cardinal Wolsey in the early 16th century and later expanded by King Henry

Guildford Cathedral is another notable landmark, known for its stunning architecture and beautiful views from its tower.

guildford-Cathedral Surrey, England


Geography and Landscape of Surrey: Rolling Hills, Woodland and Waterways

Surrey is blessed with a diverse landscape that includes rolling hills, woodland, and waterways. The North Downs, a range of chalk hills, runs through the county and offers breathtaking views and scenic walking trails. The Surrey Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is another highlight of the county’s landscape. It is home to picturesque villages, ancient woodlands, and heathland.

The River Thames also flows through Surrey, providing opportunities for boating, fishing, and riverside walks. The river is dotted with charming riverside towns and villages such as Kingston upon Thames and Richmond.

Outdoor enthusiasts will find plenty to do in Surrey. The county offers a wide range of activities including hiking, cycling, horse riding, and golf. Popular outdoor destinations include Box Hill, Leith Hill, and Newlands Corner.

Culture and Traditions of Surrey: Festivals, Food and Drink, and Local Customs

Surrey has a vibrant culture and a strong sense of community. The county hosts a variety of festivals and events throughout the year that celebrate its heritage and bring people together. The Guildford Summer Festival is one such event, featuring live music performances, art exhibitions, and food stalls.

When it comes to food and drink, Surrey has a thriving culinary scene. The county is known for its local produce, including cheese, wine, and beer. Traditional dishes such as Surrey Pudding and Sussex Pond Pudding can be found in local pubs and restaurants.

Surrey also has its own set of local customs and traditions. One such tradition is the annual Swan Upping ceremony on the River Thames, where swans are counted and marked for identification purposes. Another tradition is the burning of the Guy Fawkes effigy on Bonfire Night in November.

Surrey’s Towns and Cities: Guildford, Woking, Epsom and More

Surrey is home to several major towns and cities that offer a mix of history, culture, and entertainment. Guildford, the county town, is known for its historic castle, cobbled streets, and vibrant shopping scene. The town also has a thriving arts and music scene, with venues such as the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre and the Electric Theatre.

Woking is another notable town in Surrey, famous for its modern architecture and cultural attractions. The town is home to the award-winning Lightbox gallery and museum, which showcases contemporary art and local history. Woking also has a rich literary heritage, being the birthplace of H.G. Wells.

Epsom is renowned for its horse racing heritage, with the annual Epsom Derby being one of the most prestigious horse races in the world. The town is also home to Epsom Downs, a large open space that offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside.

Surrey’s Villages: Charming Hamlets and Picturesque Countryside

Surrey is dotted with charming villages and picturesque countryside that offer a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of city life. Shere, often referred to as one of England’s prettiest villages, is known for its quaint cottages, historic church, and picturesque setting. The village has been featured in several films, including “Bridget Jones’s Diary” and “The Holiday.”

Ripley is another charming village in Surrey that is worth a visit. It has a rich history dating back to the 12th century and is known for its historic buildings, independent shops, and traditional pubs. The village also hosts a popular farmers’ market where visitors can sample local produce.

Other notable villages in Surrey include Godalming, Farnham, and Cobham. Each village has its own unique charm and attractions, such as historic buildings, beautiful gardens, and scenic walks.

Outdoor Activities in Surrey: Walking, Cycling, Horse Riding and More

Surrey offers a wide range of outdoor activities for nature lovers and adventure seekers. The county has an extensive network of walking and cycling trails that allow visitors to explore its stunning landscapes. The North Downs Way, a long-distance footpath that stretches from Farnham to Dover, offers breathtaking views and opportunities for wildlife spotting.

Horse riding is also popular in Surrey, with many equestrian centers offering lessons and guided rides. The county’s rolling hills and bridleways provide the perfect backdrop for a leisurely ride or a challenging trek.

For those who prefer water-based activities, the River Thames and the many lakes and reservoirs in Surrey offer opportunities for boating, kayaking, and fishing. The river is also home to several rowing clubs, where visitors can try their hand at this traditional sport.

Surrey’s Gardens and Parks: From the Royal Horticultural Society to National Trust Sites

Surrey is home to some of the most beautiful gardens and parks in England. The county is closely associated with the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), which has its headquarters at Wisley Gardens. Wisley Gardens is a must-visit for plant enthusiasts, with its stunning displays of flowers, shrubs, and trees.

Surrey is also home to several National Trust sites, including Polesden Lacey, Claremont Landscape Garden, and Hatchlands Park. These properties offer visitors the chance to explore historic houses, formal gardens, and extensive parkland.

Other notable gardens in Surrey include Painshill Park, a landscaped garden with follies and lakes, and RHS Garden Hyde Hall, which showcases a wide variety of plants in a beautiful setting.

Surrey’s Museums and Galleries: Art, History and Science Exhibitions

Surrey has a wealth of museums and galleries that cater to all interests. The Watts Gallery – Artists’ Village in Compton is dedicated to the work of Victorian artist George Frederic Watts and his wife, Mary Watts. The gallery showcases their paintings, sculptures, and decorative arts.

The Brooklands Museum in Weybridge is a must-visit for motorsport enthusiasts. It is located on the site of the world’s first purpose-built motor racing circuit and features a collection of vintage cars, motorcycles, and aircraft.

For those interested in history, the Surrey History Centre in Woking is a treasure trove of documents, photographs, and maps that tell the story of the county’s past. The museum also hosts regular exhibitions and events.

Science lovers will enjoy a visit to the Museum of Military Medicine in Aldershot, which explores the history of military medicine through interactive displays and exhibits. The museum is located on the site of the former Royal Army Medical College.

Local Events and Festivals in Surrey: Celebrating the County’s Heritage and Community

Surrey hosts a variety of local events and festivals throughout the year that celebrate the county’s heritage and bring communities together. The Surrey County Show, held annually in Guildford, showcases the best of Surrey’s agriculture, food, and drink. Visitors can enjoy livestock displays, food stalls, and live entertainment.

The Guildford Shakespeare Company also puts on outdoor productions of Shakespeare’s plays in various locations across the county during the summer months. These performances are a highlight of Surrey’s cultural calendar and attract theater enthusiasts from near and far.

Other popular events include the Epsom Derby Festival, which takes place at Epsom Downs Racecourse and features a week-long program of horse racing and entertainment. The Woking Food and Drink Festival is another highlight, offering visitors the chance to sample local produce, watch cooking demonstrations, and enjoy live music.
Surrey is a county that offers something for everyone. From its rich history and stunning landscapes to its vibrant culture and community spirit, there is no shortage of things to see and do in this beautiful part of England. Whether you’re exploring the charming villages, enjoying outdoor activities, or immersing yourself in the county’s cultural offerings, Surrey is sure to leave a lasting impression. So why not plan a visit and experience the unique beauty and charm of Surrey for yourself?




What is Surrey?

Surrey is a county located in the South East of England. It is bordered by Kent to the east, East Sussex to the southeast, West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast.

What is the population of Surrey?

As of mid-2019, the estimated population of Surrey was 1.2 million people.

What is the county town of Surrey?

The county town of Surrey is Guildford, which is located in the southwestern part of the county.

What are some of the major towns in Surrey?

Some of the major towns in Surrey include Woking, Epsom, Camberley, Redhill, Leatherhead, and Farnham.

What is the economy of Surrey like?

Surrey has a diverse economy, with a mix of industries including technology, healthcare, finance, and retail. Some of the major employers in the county include McLaren Group, Procter & Gamble, and Royal Surrey County Hospital.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Surrey?

Surrey is home to a number of popular tourist attractions, including Hampton Court Palace, Kew Gardens, Box Hill, and the RHS Garden Wisley.

What is the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty?

The Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is a protected landscape in the southeastern part of the county. It covers an area of 422 square kilometers and includes hills, valleys, and woodlands. It is a popular destination for hiking, cycling, and other outdoor activities.

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