Westmorland, England

Westmorland, England

Westmorland, located in the North West of England, is a county with a rich and fascinating history. It was historically part of the Kingdom of Northumbria and later became an independent county in the 12th century. Westmorland played a significant role in England‘s history, particularly during the medieval period when it was a stronghold for the Norman invaders.

The county’s name is derived from the Old English words “west” and “mor,” meaning “west moorland.” This reflects the county’s geography, which is characterized by rolling hills and moorland. Westmorland was known for its strategic location, situated between the Scottish border and the rest of England. It was often a battleground during conflicts between the English and Scottish kingdoms.


  • Westmorland, England has a rich historical background dating back to the Roman era.
  • Visitors to Westmorland can expect a temperate climate with mild temperatures and occasional rainfall.
  • Westmorland boasts a diverse cultural heritage, including castles, museums, and art galleries.
  • The region’s agricultural and industrial history is evident in its many farms, mills, and factories.
  • Nature lovers will enjoy exploring Westmorland’s national parks and scenic walks, including the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales.

Geography and Climate of Westmorland: A Guide for Visitors

Westmorland is located in the North West of England and is bordered by Cumberland to the north, Yorkshire to the east, Lancashire to the south, and Scotland to the west. It covers an area of approximately 1,400 square miles, making it one of the smaller counties in England.

The climate in Westmorland is typically temperate, with mild summers and cool winters. The county experiences a fair amount of rainfall throughout the year, which contributes to its lush green landscapes. The best time to visit Westmorland is during the summer months when temperatures are mild and there is less chance of rain.

Westmorland’s Rich Cultural Heritage: From Castles to Museums

Westmorland has a rich cultural heritage that is evident in its historic castles and museums. One of the most famous castles in Westmorland is Brougham Castle, which dates back to the 13th century. It was originally built as a strategic fortress but later became a luxurious residence for the Brougham family. Today, visitors can explore the castle’s ruins and learn about its fascinating history.

Another notable castle in Westmorland is Appleby Castle, which dates back to the 12th century. It is one of the few remaining intact Norman castles in England and offers visitors a glimpse into medieval life. The castle is also home to a museum that showcases artifacts and exhibits related to its history.

In addition to castles, Westmorland is home to several museums that celebrate its cultural heritage. The Kendal Museum, for example, houses a collection of artifacts and exhibits that tell the story of Westmorland’s past. The museum also hosts regular events and workshops for visitors of all ages.

Preserving Westmorland’s cultural heritage is of utmost importance, as it allows future generations to learn about and appreciate the county’s history. By maintaining and protecting historic sites and artifacts, Westmorland can continue to be a destination that celebrates its rich cultural heritage.

The Agricultural and Industrial History of Westmorland

Westmorland has a long history of agriculture and industry, which has played a significant role in shaping its economy. In the past, agriculture was the primary source of income for many residents of Westmorland. The county’s fertile soil and favorable climate made it ideal for farming, particularly sheep farming.

The wool industry was particularly important in Westmorland during the medieval period. Sheep farming provided a source of income for many families and helped to establish the county as a center for textile production. Today, there are still remnants of this industry in Westmorland, with sheep farming continuing to be an important part of the local economy.

In addition to agriculture, Westmorland also had a thriving industrial sector. The county was known for its mining industry, particularly coal mining. Coal was an important source of fuel during the industrial revolution and helped to power factories and homes throughout England.

The agricultural and industrial history of Westmorland is an important part of its heritage. It is a reminder of the hard work and ingenuity of the people who lived and worked in the county. By preserving this history, Westmorland can continue to celebrate its past and educate future generations about its importance.

Exploring Westmorland’s Natural Beauty: National Parks and Scenic Walks

Westmorland is known for its stunning natural beauty, with its rolling hills, picturesque lakes, and charming villages. The county is home to several national parks, which offer visitors the opportunity to explore its diverse landscapes.

One of the most famous national parks in Westmorland is the Lake District National Park. This park is renowned for its breathtaking scenery, including mountains, lakes, and forests. Visitors can enjoy a range of outdoor activities in the park, such as hiking, boating, and wildlife spotting.

Another popular destination for nature lovers in Westmorland is the Yorkshire Dales National Park. This park is characterized by its rugged landscapes, limestone cliffs, and picturesque valleys. Visitors can explore the park on foot or by bike, taking in the stunning views along the way.

Preserving Westmorland’s natural beauty is crucial for both environmental and tourism reasons. The county’s landscapes are not only visually stunning but also provide habitats for a wide range of plant and animal species. By protecting these natural areas, Westmorland can continue to attract visitors who appreciate its beauty and contribute to the local economy.

The Best Places to Stay in Westmorland: Accommodation Options

When visiting Westmorland, there are several accommodation options available to suit different budgets and preferences. From luxury hotels to cozy bed and breakfasts, there is something for everyone in this charming county.

For those looking for a luxurious stay, there are several high-end hotels in Westmorland that offer top-notch amenities and services. These hotels often have stunning views of the surrounding countryside and provide a tranquil retreat for guests. Some even have on-site spas and fine dining restaurants.

If you prefer a more intimate and homely experience, bed and breakfasts are a popular choice in Westmorland. These establishments offer comfortable rooms and a delicious breakfast to start your day. Many bed and breakfasts are located in historic buildings, adding to the charm and character of your stay.

For budget-conscious travelers, there are also several budget hotels and guesthouses in Westmorland. These accommodations offer affordable rates without compromising on comfort. They are often located in convenient locations, making it easy to explore the county’s attractions.

Choosing the right accommodation is important when visiting Westmorland, as it can greatly enhance your overall experience. Whether you prefer luxury or simplicity, there is an option that will suit your needs and provide a comfortable base for exploring the county.

Traditional Westmorland Cuisine: Local Delicacies and Food Festivals

Westmorland is known for its delicious traditional cuisine, which showcases the county’s agricultural heritage. From hearty stews to sweet treats, there are plenty of local delicacies to try when visiting this part of England.

One of the most famous dishes in Westmorland is Cumberland sausage. This sausage is made from locally sourced pork and is seasoned with a blend of herbs and spices. It is often served with mashed potatoes and gravy, creating a comforting and satisfying meal.

Another popular dish in Westmorland is Kendal Mint Cake. This sweet treat is made from sugar, glucose syrup, and peppermint oil. It has a unique texture that is both crunchy and chewy, making it a favorite among locals and visitors alike.

In addition to these traditional dishes, Westmorland also hosts several food festivals throughout the year. These festivals celebrate local produce and showcase the county’s culinary talents. Visitors can sample a range of delicious food and drink, as well as participate in cooking demonstrations and workshops.

Trying local cuisine is an important part of experiencing the culture of a place. By sampling traditional Westmorland dishes, visitors can gain a deeper understanding of the county’s history and agricultural heritage.

Westmorland’s Festivals and Events: Celebrating the Local Culture

Westmorland is home to a variety of festivals and events that celebrate its rich cultural heritage. From music festivals to historical reenactments, there is always something happening in this vibrant county.

One of the most famous festivals in Westmorland is the Appleby Horse Fair. This annual event takes place in June and attracts thousands of visitors from around the world. It is one of the largest gatherings of Gypsies and Travellers in Europe and is a celebration of their culture and traditions.

Another popular event in Westmorland is the Kendal Calling music festival. This three-day festival takes place in July and features a lineup of both established and up-and-coming artists. It also offers a range of activities for all ages, including workshops, comedy shows, and art installations.

In addition to these large-scale events, Westmorland also hosts smaller festivals and events throughout the year. These include historical reenactments, agricultural shows, and arts and crafts fairs. These events provide an opportunity for locals and visitors alike to come together and celebrate the unique culture of Westmorland.

Celebrating local culture is important for preserving traditions and fostering a sense of community. By attending festivals and events in Westmorland, visitors can immerse themselves in the county’s vibrant culture and create lasting memories.

Shopping in Westmorland: Unique Souvenirs and Local Crafts

When visiting Westmorland, shopping for unique souvenirs and local crafts is a must. The county is home to several independent shops and boutiques that offer a range of handmade products.

One popular shopping destination in Westmorland is the market town of Kendal. Here, visitors can explore a variety of shops that sell everything from locally made ceramics to handmade jewelry. The town also has a regular market where local producers sell fresh produce and artisanal goods.

Another great place to shop in Westmorland is the village of Bowness-on-Windermere. This charming village is located on the shores of Lake Windermere and is known for its independent boutiques and gift shops. Visitors can find a range of unique souvenirs, including locally made crafts and artwork.

Supporting local businesses is important for the economy of Westmorland. By purchasing handmade products and souvenirs, visitors can contribute to the livelihoods of local artisans and craftspeople.

Getting Around Westmorland: Transportation Options for Tourists

When visiting Westmorland, there are several transportation options available to help you get around the county. Whether you prefer to drive, take public transport, or explore on foot, there is a method that will suit your needs.

If you prefer to drive, renting a car is a convenient option in Westmorland. The county has a well-maintained road network that makes it easy to navigate between towns and attractions. However, it’s worth noting that some areas of Westmorland, particularly in the Lake District, can be busy during peak tourist season, so it’s important to plan your routes accordingly.

For those who prefer not to drive, public transport is a viable option in Westmorland. The county is served by several bus and train routes that connect major towns and villages. This is a great way to explore the area without having to worry about parking or navigating unfamiliar roads.

For those who enjoy walking or cycling, Westmorland offers a range of scenic routes and trails. The county’s natural beauty can be best appreciated on foot or by bike, allowing you to take in the stunning landscapes at your own pace.

Planning your transportation in Westmorland is important to ensure a smooth and enjoyable visit. By considering your preferences and the attractions you wish to visit, you can choose the best method of transportation for your needs.
Westmorland, England, is a county with a rich history, stunning natural beauty, and a vibrant cultural heritage. From its historic castles and museums to its national parks and scenic walks, there is something for everyone in this charming part of the country. Whether you’re interested in exploring the county’s agricultural and industrial history or sampling its traditional cuisine, Westmorland offers a range of experiences that will leave you with lasting memories. So why not plan a visit to Westmorland and discover all that this fascinating county has to offer?


What is Westmorland?

Westmorland is a historic county in the north-west of England. It was abolished as an administrative county in 1974 and merged with Cumberland and parts of Lancashire to form the new county of Cumbria.

What is the history of Westmorland?

Westmorland was originally part of the Kingdom of Northumbria, and later became part of the Kingdom of Strathclyde. It was then incorporated into the Kingdom of England in the 10th century. The county played an important role in the Wars of the Roses, and was also a centre of the wool trade in the Middle Ages.

What are some notable landmarks in Westmorland?

Westmorland is home to a number of historic landmarks, including the ruins of Kendal Castle, the medieval church of St. Mary’s in Kirkby Lonsdale, and the 12th-century Brough Castle. The county is also known for its scenic beauty, with the Lake District National Park located in the western part of the county.

What is the population of Westmorland?

As of the 2011 census, the population of Westmorland was 103,658.

What is the economy of Westmorland like?

Westmorland’s economy is largely based on agriculture, with sheep farming being particularly important. The county is also home to a number of small businesses and tourist attractions, which contribute to the local economy.

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